Dealing English


treasuries = treasury securities - Treasuries:

= Treasury bonds - Treasuries; = treasury bills - T-bills;

industrials = industrial shares - used by more than 95% of cases) - industrial action; = industrial companies (approximately 5%) - Industrial Companies:

chemicals = shemical shares / companies - chemical or shares of the company;

pharmaceuticals = pharmaceutical shares - pharmaceutical stocks.

Uncertainty explicitly or implicitly permitted by the context.

More numerous unambiguous contraction:

ordinaries = ordinary shares - ordinary shares;

governments = government securities - government securities;

agencies = agency securities - subnational securities;

highs = record-high shares - stock-record holders;

mutuals = mutual funds - mutual funds;

seasonals = seasonal goods - seasonal goods.

Task 6.

Offer your transcript the following reductions:

1) actuals; 2) financials; 3) intangibles; 4) utilities.

There are expressions that are the reduction in professional idioms:

biggies - large companies, "Krupnyakov";
majors = major companies - giant companies (usually oil)
indies = independent compamies;
small stocks = small-cap stocks - stocks of small companies (literally "small caps stocks").

We construct a simple syllogism: the first premise - idioms are essential to understanding the text, the second premise - British investment texts abound idioms.

Conclusion: to understand the investment of English texts are essential idioms.

This conclusion is supported by three formal living factors. First, because of their inherent idioms high information density and shaped structure used in the text and semantic nodes have an enormous investment burden. Secondly, they are often used in the title, the subtitle captions, beginning of the article (asking her tone), and in the final part of the article (In summary). Third, the content of idioms never stands simpler language means. There is a principle that you want to understand the text - the mind idioms.

Fortunately, relatively few active idioms, and binding to understand - even less. At sufficiently detailed study there are several notable investment options idioms. Purely epistemological idiom is born at the confluence of the two following conditions: the relevance of the phenomena characterized for this sector and its extension to a certain critical mass of people. Next palpable desire to essential idioms financial sphere. And, finally, a clear tendency for large two-pole type - small, profit - loss, good - bad, etc. All this makes the idioms peculiar peaks content.

Below we consider four groups of modern financial idioms that are essential for understanding the investment texts. The following work reduction:

Fin. - Obschefinansovy term;

Invest. - The investment term;

letters. - Literally;

advantage. - Mostly;

[] - Square brackets denote optional (optional).

Group 1. Market participants

This group often resembles a nonequilibrium dumbbell with a narrow connecting link. She has the most developed high leverage, while the number of two-term, let alone three-term structures is limited.